Nails – What Are They and How Do They Form?

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Nails are an extension of our hands. Fingernails are formed from a single cell that contains a fibrous matrix called the nail plate. The fingernails are usually made up mostly of keratin which is a hard protein (also found in hair and skin). As new blood cells and bacteria are added to the nail matrix, old cells eventually die and shrink, taking on the typical flattened, deformed appearance of a nail. This process of dying and shrinking occurs every day, every night and every day of the week, for about twenty-four hours per day. The nail plate is constantly being replaced so that the nail remains intact. This continuous growth process results in a nail that appears more long than it is thick.

Nails – What Are They and How Do They Form?

The growing and developing of your nails on a daily basis is necessary for their health and beauty. If you don’t have them then they will be dry and brittle and will easily break off. Healthy, beautiful, healthy fingernails make a person look better and feel better about themselves. Nails can be styled in many ways and a well shaped nail can enhance the appeal of your overall appearance. It’s no secret that people spend hundreds of dollars on nail salons to try to achieve the perfect cut and manicure.


To care for your nails, you need to keep them clean and trimmed. They need to be washed once a week with warm water and soap or a natural nail polish remover to remove any dirt or bacteria that has gathered on their surface. The fingernails should be trimmed regularly and waxed if they get too dry or brittle. It is also important to moisturize the fingernails to keep the skin soft and supple. Applying oil to the nail and surrounding areas such as the tips can help prevent chapping and cracking. Finally, always wear gloves when applying oils to your nails.